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FROM THIS EPISODE

Turkey's new leaders promise their government will still be secular, despite the Islamic orientation of their ruling party. We hear about Turkey's relationship with Iran and Iraq, and the anti-Americanism in public opinion. Will Turkey still be a "bridge" between the west and the Muslim world? Also, the IAEA on Iran's nuclear program and, on Reporter's Notebook, two exiled leaders may return to Pakistan and President Musharraf may give up his uniform.

Special thanks to Carina Miller


Photo of Hagia Sophia: Robert Raderschatt

Producers:
Dan Konecky
Christian Bordal

Making News IAEA Signals that Iran Is Not Pursuing Nuclear Weapons 5 MIN, 44 SEC

The International Atomic Energy Agency says Iran is producing less nuclear fuel than expected and slowing the rate of uranium enrichment. The IAEA also says Iran is working to come clean about past activities that led to sanctions by the UN Security Council. Trita Parsi, author of Treacherous Alliance: the Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran and the US, has an update.

Guests:
Trita Parsi, National Iranian American Council (@tparsi)

Reporter's Notebook Exiled Political Leaders Threaten Musharraf's Power in Pakistan 11 MIN, 21 SEC

Benazir Bhutto was exiled from Pakistan, and faces corruption charges if she returns. But the former prime minister claims she has worked out a deal with the current President, Pervez Musharraf. Another exiled former leader, Nawaz Sharif, plans to return early next month. Before meeting with her political party's leaders in London tomorrow, Bhutto wants Musharraf to confirm that he'll give up his leadership of the Army when he runs for re-election. Musharraf's spokesman confirms the talks but denies the President has decided to resign as head of the Army. Sharif says Bhutto is "strengthening the hand of a dictator." We get perspective on this nuclear power called a "vital American ally in the war on terror."

Guests:
Talat Masood, former General, Pakistani Army
Paula Newberg, Georgetown University

Main Topic Turkey, the West and the Muslim Middle East 31 MIN, 43 SEC

The 700-year-old Ottoman Empire became the Republic of Turkey in 1923. Though a Muslim country, at the insistence of the founder, Mustafah Kemel Ataturk--government institutions are strictly secular, a tradition backed by the military. Now that might be changing. This week parliament elected Abdullah Gül as President. Gul and Prime Minister Erdogan are both from the Justice and Development Party -- or AKP. Islamic in orientation, it will be more responsive to public opinion, which is increasingly religious and anti-American. We look at the possible impact on US interests in the Muslim world. Will Turkey still be a "bridge" to the West? Does it share America's goals in Iraq? What about Turkey's increasingly close ties with Iran?

Guests:
Semih Idiz, Columnist, Milliyet
Sabri Sayari, Professor of Political Science at Sabanci University
Ian Lesser, Senior Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund
Stephen Schwartz, Executive Director of the Center for Islamic Pluralism

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