FROM Kieran Suckling
Polar Bears, the Endangered Species List and Global Warming In 1973, the number of Bald Eagles was dwindling, and the national bird became a powerful symbol that helped lead to the Endangered Species Act . Protecting Bald Eagles required restrictions on pesticides and the banning of DDT—which helped promote the much broader environmental movement. Now the polar bear has become symbolic of another, much broader concern: Global Warming.
The Politics and the Science behind the Endangered Species List The Endangered Species Act passed in 1973, based partly on a powerful symbol: the dwindling number of Bald Eagles. After the act passed, protecting the national bird led to restrictions on pesticides and a ban on the insecticide DDT. Keeping Bald Eagles alive helped promote a much broader environmental movement. Gray wolves went on the list in 1974, but except in Alaska, there weren't any left to protect. In 1995, 66 of the animals were "re-introduced" into national parks in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. Now there are about 1500, ranging over some 113,000 square miles, and the US Fish and Wildlife Service is removing them from the List of Endangered Species, though not without controversy and possible legal action. Polar bears may go on the list but not because their numbers are dwindling—as yet. They're threatened by global warming. Are there really enough wolves? Can they survive legal hunting in Montana, Idaho and Wyoming? Is the polar bear being used as a powerful symbol in the broader debate about climate change?
Bald Eagle Recovers from Edge of Extinction In 1967, there were just 417 breeding pairs of Bald Eagles in America, despite that bird's iconic status. Today, there are more than 10,000, evidence of what the Audubon Society calls "one of the greatest conservation success stories in US history. At the Jefferson Memorial today, a Bald Eagle was part of the proceedings as the species was officially removed from the endangered list . Kieran Suckling is policy director at the Center for Biological Diversity in Arizona.
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