FROM Stephen W. Smith
Can the United Nations Bring Peace to Darfur? After the genocide in Rwanda, the United Nations General Assembly accepted responsibility to intervene when governments are not protecting their own people from mass atrocities. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon has reportedly said that is fundamental to the future of the UN itself. In Darfur, the western province of Sudan, the commitment called "the responsibility to protect" is facing its first test, as Sudan's President hired the man human rights leaders call " the poster child for atrocities ." Is there hope for international intervention? Will it be like Rwanda all over again?
ANC Deeply Divided over Vote for New Party Leader After 55 years of disciplined unity, South Africa's ruling party is engaged in a bitter dispute over leadership, which could determine who will be the country's next president. President Thabo Mbeki cannot run for a third term in 2009. Today, he's being challenged as leader of the African National Congress , the party that's ruled the country since apartheid ended 13 years ago. Jacob Zuma , fired as Mbeki's deputy, leads the opposition and is a popular figure. We get an update from Craig Timberg, Johannesburg Bureau Chief for the Washington Post , and Stephen Smith, Professor of African Studies at Duke University and former Africa Bureau Chief for Le Monde.
The Search for Solutions in Darfur In Sudan's Darfur province, a reported 450,000 people have been killed in the past four years and two million are now homeless refugees. Last week, saying that "the brutal treatment of innocent civilians in Darfur is unacceptable," President Bush announced a package of sanctions against the Sudanese government, led by President Omar Hassan al-Bashir. Then he pulled back--at the request of the new Secretary General of the United Nations, Ban Ki Moon, who asked for more time for diplomacy. Meantime, Darfur's humanitarian crisis continues. The US has used the term "genocide," but others contend that ignores the root causes of a conflict that goes beyond ethnicity and culture. Are more peacekeepers needed? Is there any real peace to keep? What does climate change have to do with it?
Nuclear crisis on the Korean Peninsula slowly coming to a head North Korea did not conduct a nuclear test this weekend, but it did show apparent progress in developing a missile that that could strike the United States. The Trump Administration says it has lost its "strategic patience." We hear what that might -- or might not -- mean for North Korea, China and the prospects for diplomacy.
Trump's ethical conflicts pile up as transparency diminishes President Trump's refusal to reveal his income tax returns is just one example of a lack of transparency that could be hiding conflicts of interest. Other conflicts are already obvious from his appointments. And he's being sued for using his job to increase his profits.
In Janesville, WI, Middle America meets the new American dream Janesville, Wisconsin is the hometown of Republican House Speaker Paul Ryan. But he couldn't prevent the closing of the General Motors factory after 100 years. We hear what's happened to what once was a model of American middle-class unity.