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Iran and Saudi Arabia are using religious differences to inflame their deep-seated rivalry for power and influence — creating new instability in the Middle East. We hear what's at stake for the Iran nuclear deal, Syria's civil war, the fight against ISIS — and America's interests.

Later on the program, advice to families being rounded up for deportation: "don't open the door."

Photo: Flames rise from Saudi Arabia's embassy during a demonstration in Tehran January 2, 2016.(Mehdi Ghasemi/REUTERS/TIMA/ISNA)

Obama Announces Plan to Limit Gun Violence 6 MIN, 9 SEC

President Obama was visibly emotional today as he announced executive action to tighten the rules for buying guns — in the absence of legislation by Congress. In contrast to Second Amendment rights, he listed the right to peaceful assembly and quoted from the Declaration of Independence.

Glenn Thrush, chief political correspondent for Politico, has details.

Glenn Thrush, New York Times (@GlennThrush)

Sectarianism Renews Divisions in the Middle East 34 MIN, 16 SEC

By executing a Shiite cleric last weekend, the Sunni nation of Saudi Arabia created a martyr. It also inflamed its dangerous rivalry with Shiite Iran. Hardliners in both countries are now using sectarian differences to pursue political goals. Stability in the Middle East is at risk, along with implementing the Iran nuclear deal, finding an end to Syria's civil war and defeating the Islamic State. Both Iran and Saudi Arabia violate human rights and make war on their neighbors. Should the US choose one over the other or look for middle ground?

Scott Peterson, Christian Science Monitor (@peterson__scott)
Robin Wright, US Institute of Peace / Woodrow Wilson Center (@wrightr)
Max Boot, Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and columnist for the Washington Post (@MaxBoot)
Ali Al-Ahmed, Institute for Gulf Affairs (@alialahmed_en)

Peterson Iran hard-liners seeing Saudi Embassy attack as a win-win
CSM on Iran-Saudi tensions, why it's so hard for the US to disentangle from the Middle East
Wright on the showdown between Islam's rival powers
Boot on Saudi Arabia as an American ally of necessity
Al-Ahmed on whether Saudi Arabia is a trustworthy ally

Immigrants Are Told "Don't Open the Door" to ICE during Raids 9 MIN, 5 SEC

On the Mexican border, the US is seeing another surge of immigrants from Central American — including unaccompanied children. Immigration officials are trying to send the message that they should stay home. In the past, immigration officials have raided workplaces to find immigrants who've been ordered to leave the country.

Photo: Elliott

Now, they're raiding the homes of families with children from Central America. Sonia Nazario is a journalist and the author of Enrique's Journey: The True Story of a Boy Determined to Reunite with his Mother. She sits on the board of Kids in Need of Defense.

Sonia Nazario, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author (@SLNazario)

Enrique's Journey

Sonia Nazario

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