Santa Barbara’s Eastside was once black community hub

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Group portrait outside the St. Paul A.M.E. Church, on the corner of Olive and Haley Street in Santa Barbara. Image originally obtained from Laura K. Simmons.

It’s hard to not stand out as a black person in Santa Barbara. African-Americans make up less than 2% of the city’s population, according to the latest U.S. Census.

Coming from Brooklyn two years ago, Darrell McNeill noticed it right away.

“The diversity is diminished,” he says. “You start seeing a certain level of stratification and you don't see too much interaction outside of the main corridors. They’re together, but they're not together.”

To celebrate Black History Month and address that stratification, McNeill and his wife Sally created a month-long pop-up cultural space at 1219 State Street and named it the Black History Month Culture House. Each weekend in February, they highlight black artists, cultural figures, musicians, filmmakers, discussions and more.

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Darrell McNeill and Sally Foxen-McNeill. Photo credit: Kathryn Barnes/KCRW.

Sally Foxen-McNeill grew up in Santa Barbara, and remembers when African Americans made up a larger portion of the city.

“The hub of the black community was around Rose Avenue,” she says. “I worked at a record store in high school: Soul City Records. It was right on the corner of Anacapa and Haley [Street]. There were other places down on Haley and Garden [Street]. There was a place called the House of Barbecue, and every weekend they would literally barbecue right in front of the building. Across the street was a place called Golden Bird Fried Chicken. There was a barber shop as well. And of course, all the active black churches that were here.”

She continues, “There was a larger population of blacks, and from what I understand, most of them moved out because of the rent or they couldn't purchase a home.”

Group portrait of fifteen members of the Santa Barbara Eastern Star Jewel Chapter Number 20. Nine adults stand behind six seated adults. Each of the twelve women wear a sash over her clothing. Image originally obtained from Laura K. Simmons.JPG
Members of the Santa Barbara Eastern Star Jewel Chapter Number 20. Image originally obtained from Laura K. Simmons.
Sam Cunningham smiles and stands with hands in pockets. Printed on his zipped jacket is a football with number _34_ and _Santa Barbara Dons._ Image originally obtained from Santa Barbara High School.JPG
Santa Barbara High School football player Sam Cunningham went on to play for the New England Patriots from 1973 to 1982. Image originally obtained from Santa Barbara High School.

As the city lost more and more black residents, the arts and cultural offerings changed too.

“The [Santa Barbara] Bowl was the place,” says Foxen-McNeill. “Every year, without fail, they would have groups like Tower of Power, War, Rufus, The Whispers, Roberta Flack, George Benson, and now, in my opinion, we get the whitewashed people. We get the pop people, and we rarely get anyone who appeals to minority audiences.”

Darrell McNeill wants to change that by continuing to bring more black cultural programming into the city, but says it can be frustrating. 

“One of the challenges of being an African American in America today is that you have to fight your battles from a number of different fronts. There is no linear time. You're fighting to preserve your history. You're fighting to maintain your place in the present. And you're also fighting to figure out how you're going to navigate and expand your future for yourself and your children. It feels like this constant rotation. It's like Groundhog Day,” he says.

In front of a Santa Barbara home, a group of black leaders gather including civic leader Pearl Chase, third from right on porch, considered to be the mother of the American Riviera look. 1926. Image originally obtained from UCSB Department .JPG
In front of a Santa Barbara home, a group of black leaders gather alongside civic leader Pearl Chase, third from right on the porch, considered to be the mother of the American Riviera look. 1926. Image originally obtained from UCSB Department of Special Collections.
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African American women leaders in Santa Barbara in 2013.
Photo credit: Rod Rolle.

The Black History Month Culture House runs through February 29, ending with the screening of “I Promise to Remember,” a documentary short about black musician Jimmy Castor. Learn more here.

Credits

Guests:
Darrell McNeill - Santa Barbara resident, Sally Foxen-McNeill - Santa Barbara resident

Host:
Jonathan Bastian

Producer:
Kathryn Barnes