FROM Stephen W. Smith
Can the United Nations Bring Peace to Darfur? After the genocide in Rwanda, the United Nations General Assembly accepted responsibility to intervene when governments are not protecting their own people from mass atrocities. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon has reportedly said that is fundamental to the future of the UN itself. In Darfur, the western province of Sudan, the commitment called "the responsibility to protect" is facing its first test, as Sudan's President hired the man human rights leaders call " the poster child for atrocities ." Is there hope for international intervention? Will it be like Rwanda all over again?
ANC Deeply Divided over Vote for New Party Leader After 55 years of disciplined unity, South Africa's ruling party is engaged in a bitter dispute over leadership, which could determine who will be the country's next president. President Thabo Mbeki cannot run for a third term in 2009. Today, he's being challenged as leader of the African National Congress , the party that's ruled the country since apartheid ended 13 years ago. Jacob Zuma , fired as Mbeki's deputy, leads the opposition and is a popular figure. We get an update from Craig Timberg, Johannesburg Bureau Chief for the Washington Post , and Stephen Smith, Professor of African Studies at Duke University and former Africa Bureau Chief for Le Monde.
The Search for Solutions in Darfur In Sudan's Darfur province, a reported 450,000 people have been killed in the past four years and two million are now homeless refugees. Last week, saying that "the brutal treatment of innocent civilians in Darfur is unacceptable," President Bush announced a package of sanctions against the Sudanese government, led by President Omar Hassan al-Bashir. Then he pulled back--at the request of the new Secretary General of the United Nations, Ban Ki Moon, who asked for more time for diplomacy. Meantime, Darfur's humanitarian crisis continues. The US has used the term "genocide," but others contend that ignores the root causes of a conflict that goes beyond ethnicity and culture. Are more peacekeepers needed? Is there any real peace to keep? What does climate change have to do with it?
Venezuela spirals into economic and political chaos Venezuela, a country whose potential for prosperity is unmatched, finds itself on the verge of civil war. What sustains the repressive government? With time running out, guest host León Krauze looks at what the international community can do to pull the country from the edge of collapse.
Trump's 'America First' goes missing abroad In the Middle East, President Trump is changing some policies of the Obama Administration—and reversing his own campaign attacks on Islam as a religion that "hates us." We hear about his visit to Saudi Arabia and what's at stake for the rest of his foreign excursion.