Among nearly 6 million Asians in California, many will once again enjoy Lunar New Year celebrations — February 1 to February 15. Although it’s frequently referred to as Chinese New Year, other Asian communities — including Vietnamese, Koreans and Japanese — observe the holiday, which marks the first moon in the lunar calendar. They all have distinct food and traditions — this time to celebrate the Year of the Tiger.
Chinese Spring Festival
Los Angeles has the second largest Chinese population in the U.S. Many of the 670,000 Chinese Angelenos will start the Year of Tiger by deep-cleaning homes and decorating them in red to bring good fortune.
Families and friends often get together to honor their ancestors. It is capped off with a large family meal, or “nián yèfàn.” It is frowned upon to show up to another person’s household empty-handed, so many visitors bring fruits or candies, and children and elders usually receive red envelopes filled with money.
Fish is a key part of the meal and symbolizes prosperity. Jiaozi dumplings and spring rolls signify wealth. Dumplings are considered lucky because they resemble traditional coin purses. Noodles — because of their long strands — represent longevity. “Nian gao” and “tangyuan” are rice cake delectables reserved on the New Year.
Dragons and lions are powerful symbols in Chinese culture and are the centerpieces during the New Year parade or festival. Fireworks are sparked because of the mythical beast called “Nian.” It is said to show up every New Year’s Eve, and people would fight off the monster by using burnt and cackling bamboo.
Tết Nguyên Đán
“Tết,” which honors deceased ancestors, tends to be celebrated for an entire week starting on February 1.
Homes must be spotlessly clean days before the new calendar begins. Many Vietnamese households have yellow “Hoa Mai” plants in the living room. Families display a platter filled with melon seeds, candied coconut strands, and nuts alongside a plate of carefully stacked fruit, burning incense, and a photo of a loved one who died.
The most common traditional Tết food is “Bánh Chưng,” sticky rice cakes commonly filled with pork or (mung) beans. Legend has it that a Viet king held a competition to see which of his sons would make a delicious dish in honor of ancestors on the New Year’s Day, and the poorest son ended up creating “Bánh Chưng” with simple ingredients.
In some cases, another offering table is placed outside the front door of a home to alert wandering spirits that they’re welcomed. Outside, someone is burning paper money and clothes to offer to the spirits that may surround the home.
In Orange County, Little Saigon is the oldest, largest, and most prominent community of Vietnamese people in the U.S., and it’s hosting the UVSA Tết Festival on February 5 and 6 with cultural activities, including a firecracker show.
“Seollal” for Koreans
“Seollal” is one of the major holidays in Korea. In Los Angeles, home to the largest population of Koreans outside the Korean peninsula, many family and relatives will gather to perform rituals, eat traditional foods, and play folk games.
One of the rituals is “Saebae,” a formal bow that younger people give to their elders to wish them good health, according to Cindy Shin, the founder and CEO of KACIE Strategies, and public relations chair for the Korean Food Global Association.
Often dressed in traditional clothing, or Hanbok, Koreans wish their elders a happy new year while saying “saehae bok mani badeuseyo.” This translates into “please receive a lot of good fortune for the New Year.”
As for the Korean traditional food, “Tteokguk” is a soup made with “Garaetteok” or long and cylindrical rice cakes, which symbolizes longevity. The rice cakes are usually cut diagonally into smaller coin-shaped discs, which symbolizes wealth.
“The white color represents purity and a clean start to the new year,” Shin says.
Japanese New Year’s Day of “Shōgatsu”
“Shōgatsu” is the most important holiday for the Japanese. It’s meant to ring in an auspicious next 12 months, and people are encouraged to be joyful and stress-free.
One of the common traditions is watching the first sunrise of the year or “Hatsuhinode.” The sight is supposed to bring good luck.
The most popular Japanese food is “Toshikoshi Soba,” a savory buckwheat noodle dish, which is typically enjoyed on January 31.
The long soba noodles represent longevity. Cutting noodles also signifies cutting off negativity and hardships from the prior year.
One thing in common
The Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean and Japanese cultures all give money to younger people or children in an envelope to wish them luck and fortune.
Chinese and Vietnamese families often use red envelopes. And Korean elders give children crisp paper money, called “Sebaet Don,” in embroidered silk pouches. For Japanese people, “Otoshidama” involves adults giving money to children in small decorated envelopes called “pochibukuro.”