With the fall of Communism, some Americans called it inevitable that Russia—and even China—would become more like the West. But the Beijing Olympics and Russia's actions in Georgia are the latest proof that economic strength and military power don't require liberal democracy. How should the United States act now in a world that's increasingly competitive economically, politically and militarily? Is it time for increased aggressiveness or accommodation? How important are ideological differences? What are the risks of confrontations the US and Europe can't win?