During a month dedicated to religious commitment, the government of Syria is killing its own people and Libya's in the midst of outright civil war. In Egypt, Hosni Mubarak is being subjected to public trial, accused of ordering the killings of peaceful dissenters in January, before their movement forced him from office. Continued repression by his military successors has peaceful dissenters talking about different tactics. Real change may be under way in the Arab World after decades of brutal repression, but what will it take to satisfy the demand for real change after 30 years of corruption and brutal repression? Will the model be the "velvet revolutions" of Eastern Europe or the historic violence required in France, the US and, more recently, in Iran?